Everyone occasionally feels anxious, but ongoing anxiety can lower your quality of life. Although worry is likely best known for altering behaviour, it can also have negative effects on your physical health.
The physical symptoms of anxiety,
Anxiety is a typical human emotion. For instance, you might have had anxiety before giving a speech or during a job interview.
In the short term, anxiety increases your heart rate and breathing rate, concentrating blood flow to your brain, where you need it. This very physical reaction is your way of preparing for a difficult event.
Stressful life situations may also increase your risk of getting an anxiety condition. The symptoms may have started recently or decades ago an overly anxious or persistent feeling can seriously harm both your physical and emotional health. More than one-third of people with social anxiety disorder put off getting help for ten years or more.
Although they can develop at any age, anxiety disorders typically start by the middle of life. According to a Trusted Source like the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), women are more likely than males to suffer from an anxiety disorder.
Your physical health may be more negatively impacted by prolonged exposure to stress hormones than theA little bit of worry is normal for everyone, but chronic anxiety can lower your quality of life.
Anxiety disorders come in a variety of forms. They consist of:
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD):
Excessive anxiety with no rational cause is a symptom of GAD. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), 6.8 million American people are believed to be affected by GAD each year. Extreme worry that lasts for six months or longer about a variety of issues qualifies as GAD. If your condition is minor, you should be able to carry out your regular day-to-day tasks. Cases that are more serious can significantly affect your life.
A crippling fear of social situations and of being evaluated or humiliated by others characterises social anxiety disorder. One may experience humiliation and loneliness as a result of this extreme social anxiety.
According to the ADAA, over 15 million adults in America suffer with social anxiety disorder. Around 13 is the average starting age. Over one-third of those who suffer from social anxiety disorder wait ten years or more before seeking treatment.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): PTSD arises after a terrible event has been witnessed or experienced. The signs can can start right away or wait years. War, natural disasters, or physical attacks are examples of common reasons. Episodes of PTSD might start up suddenly.
People with OCD may feel overpowered by the urge to repeatedly engage in certain routines (compulsions), or they may have disturbing and unwelcome thoughts (obsessions).
Habitual counting, checking, and hand washing are examples of common compulsions. Obsessions with symmetry, aggressive tendencies, and cleanliness are common examples.
These include the fears of heights (acrophobia), claustrophobia, and many others. A strong want to avoid the feared thing or circumstance could come over you.
Anxiety disorders such as panic attacks and irrational emotions of fear or impending doom are brought on by this. Palpitations in the heart and chest pain are physical signs and respiration difficulty.
These assaults could happen at any time. Along with panic disorder, you can also have another sort of anxiety illness.
The brain and spinal cord:
Stress hormones might be regularly released by your brain as a result of chronic worry and panic attacks. Headaches, vertigo, and depressive symptoms may occur more frequently as a result.
Your brain floods your nerve system with hormones and substances meant to assist you react to a threat when you’re anxious or agitated. Cortisol and adrenaline are two examples.
Short-term increases in heart rate and respiration due to anxiety concentrate blood flow to your brain, where it is needed. You are having this very physical reaction as you prepare for a difficult situation.
Cardiovascular system: Anxiety problems may result in palpitations, an accelerated heart rate, and chest pain Stressful situations in your life may also increase your risk of having an anxiety condition. The start of symptoms may be recent or decades in the future.
Your gastrointestinal and excretory systems are both impacted by anxiety. You could experience digestive problems like nausea, diarrhoea, and stomachaches. Also possible is appetite loss.
It’s possible that anxiety disorders and the emergence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) following a bowel infection are related. IBS can result in nausea, constipation, or diarrhoea.
Anxiety can start your body’s fight-or-flight stress response, which floods your body with chemicals and hormones like adrenaline.
For the time being, this boosts your respiration and pulse rates to help your brain receive more oxygen. You should be able to perform your usual daily activities if your condition is mild. More than one-third of people with social anxiety disorder wait ten years or longer before getting help. Your physical health may suffer more from prolonged exposure to stress chemicals than from any other
However, if you experience anxiety and stress frequently or it lasts a long period, your body never receives the signal to resume regular operation. Your immune system may be weakened as a result, making you more susceptible to viral infections and recurrent diseases. Additionally, if you are anxious, your routine vaccinations might not be as effective.
Rapid, shallow breathing is a symptom of anxiety. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients may experience an elevated risk of hospitalisation for anxiety-related complications. Additionally, anxiety can exacerbate asthma symptoms.
Other outcomes or Other signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder include tension in the muscles and headaches.
- social exclusion
Flashbacks, which include again experiencing a terrible event, may occur if you have PTSD. You might be easily agitated or startled, and you might even develop emotional withdrawal. Other signs include melancholy, sleeplessness, and nightmares.
A combination of psychotherapy, behavioural therapy, and medication will be used as treatments.
Sometimes the impact of diseases such as alcoholism, depression, or other ailments on mental health is so great that treating an anxiety problem must be postponed until any underlying issues have been resolved.
An anxiety disorder’s consequences can be lessened by yoga.
Anxiety disorders can occasionally be treated at home without a doctor’s supervision. However, for severe or persistent anxiety disorders, this might not be helpful.
There are a number of activities and exercises that can be used to manage milder, more targeted, or transient anxiety disorders, such as:
Potential triggers can be reduced by learning how to manage stress. Organize any impending deadlines and pressures, and create lists to simplify challenging chores. Simple exercises can ease the mental and physical symptoms of anxiety. Relaxation techniques. Exercise: Being physically active releases chemicals into the brain that enhance mood and self-image.
There are techniques to lower the chance of developing anxiety disorders. Keep in mind that experiencing anxiety is a normal part of life and does not always signify the presence of a mental health issue.
Anxiety itself is not a medical condition but a natural emotion that is vital for survival when A person finds themselves in a dangerous situation. When this response amplifies or is out of proportion to the trigger that triggers it, an anxiety disorder develops. Anxiety disorders come in a variety of forms, such as social anxiety, phobias, and panic disorders.
Along with various forms of self-help, medication, counselling, and therapy, treatment usually entails all three.A nutritious diet and an active lifestyle can help keep anxious emotions in check.